basic: simplest, first, most important
The basic colors are red, yellow and blue.
This course teaches the basic history of Europe.
clumsy: not able to use your hands or feet well.
She’s a clumsy person who drops things all the time.
He’s a clumsy dancer with two left feet.
damp: a little bit wet, moist
Just wipe that table with a damp cloth, and it’ll be clean enough.
It’s very damp in this basement.
friendly: like a friend, welcoming and supportive
Let me give you a little friendly advice.
Don’t worry about the natives. They’re generally friendly.
giant: unusually large, huge
At the concert there were giant speakers on either side of the stage.
Apple has become a giant corporation that employs over 115,000 people.
hollow: with nothing inside, not solid
He found a bear sleeping in a hollow log in the forest.
Although the chocolate bunny looked solid, it was hollow inside.
lonely: feeling all alone, sad because of no friendships
He was a lonely boy who had very few friends.
She felt lonely without her family close by.
plain: with nothing added, without pattern or decoration
Her favorite snack was plain yogurt.
He had on jeans and a plain T-shirt.
rude: impolite, not concerned about others’ feelings
Everyone was shocked by his rude behavior.
I left the store angry because the salesperson was rude to me.
slippery: unable to walk on or hold
She fell on the wet and slippery floor.
He couldn’t hold on to the slippery fish.
tough: difficult to do or experience
Because they were so small for their age, both children had a tough time at school.
With his father losing his job, it was a tough year for the family.
wild: uncontrolled, of nature
On their hike in the mountains they found bushes of wild blueberries.
When their parents were out of town, the kids threw a wild party.
Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the above vocabulary on the audio file below.
Use these flashcards to help you study.
When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.