The simple past is used for an action or actions that are finished in the past. For most verbs you add –ed to the end of the basic verb.
She arrived back home before dinnertime.
They hated the whole movie from start to finish.
He cleaned the bathroom and vacuumed the carpet.
If the verb is negative, then use didn’t (did not) with the basic verb.
She didn’tarrive back home until midnight.
They didn’thate the movie, but they didn’tlike it either.
He didn’tclean the bathroom or vacuumthe carpet.
If the verb is interrogative (question), then use did before the subject and the basic verb.
Examples: Did she arrive back home before dinnertime? Did they hate the whole movie from start to finish? Did he clean the bathroom and vacuumthe carpet?
There are many irregular verbs whose past tense does not add –ed. These verbs must be memorized. They are:
be (am, are, is) was, were lose lost become became make made begin began mean meant bite bit meet met blow blew pay paid break broke ride rode bring brought ring rang buy bought rise rose catch caught run ran choose chose say said come came see saw creep crept seek sought deal dealt sell sold dig dug shake shook do did shoot shot draw drew shrink shrank drink drank sing sang drive drove sink sank eat ate sit sat fall fell sleep slept feed fed slide slid feel felt speak spoke fight fought spit spit / spat find found spring sprang flee fled stand stood fly flew steal stole forbid forbade stick stuck forget forgot sting stung forgive forgave stink stank freeze froze strike struck get got swear swore give gave sweep swept go went swim swam grow grew swing swung hang hung take took have had teach taught hear heard tear tore hide hid tell told hold held think thought keep kept throw threw kneel knelt understand understood know knew wake woke lay laid wear wore leave left weep wept lead led win won lie (down) lay write wrote light lit / lighted
Verbs that have the same present and past forms:
beat beat let let bet bet pet pet broadcast broadcast put put burst burst quit quit cost cost read read cut cut set set fit fit shut shut hit hit split split hurt hurt spread spread
Verbs that end in -d that change to -t:
bend bent send sent build built spend spent lend lent