Verb tense drills – 6 tenses

Use these flashcards to practice the verb tenses:  present simple, present continuous, past simple, past continuous, future simple, and future continuous.  (N) means negative.  (Q) means question.

In this drill the verb is we have.

Verb tense drill D

  • Present simple
    We have
  • Future continuous
    We will be having
  • Past simple (Q)
    Did we have?
  • Future simple (N)
    We won't have
  • Present continuous (N)
    We aren't having
  • Past continuous
    We were having
  • Future continuous(Q)
    Will we be having?
  • Past simple (N)
    We didn't have
  • Present continuous
    We are having
  • Future simple (Q)
    Will we have?
  • Present simple (Q)
    Do we have?
  • Future simple
    We will have
  • Present continuous (Q)
    Are we having?
  • Past continuous (N)
    We weren't having
  • Past simple
    We had
  • Future continuous (N)
    We won't be having
  • Present simple (N)
    We don't have
  • Past continuous (Q)
    Were we having?

Verb tense drill E

In this drill the verb is he makes.

  • Present simple
    He makes
  • Future simple (N)
    He won't make
  • Past continuous (Q)
    Was he making?
  • Present continuous
    He's making
  • Past simple (Q)
    Did he make?
  • Future continuous
    He'll be making
  • Present simple (N)
    He doesn't make
  • Past continuous (N)
    He wasn't making
  • Present continuous (Q)
    Is he making?
  • Future continuous (Q)
    Will he be making?
  • Past simple
    He made
  • Future simple
    He'll make
  • Present simple (Q)
    Does he make?
  • Future continuous (N)
    He won't be making
  • Past continuous
    He was making
  • Present continuous (N)
    He isn't making
  • Future simple (Q)
    Will he make?
  • Past simple (N)
    He didn't make

Verb tense drill F

In this drill the verb is you eat.

  • Present simple
    You eat
  • Present continuous (N)
    You aren't eating
  • Future continuous (Q)
    Will you be eating?
  • Past simple
    You ate
  • Future simple
    You will eat
  • Past continuous (N)
    You weren't eating
  • Present continuous (Q)
    Are you eating?
  • Future continuous
    You will be eating
  • Past simple (N)
    You didn't eat
  • Future simple (Q)
    Will you eat?
  • Present simple (Q)
    Do you eat?
  • Past continuous
    You were eating
  • Future continuous (N)
    You won't be eating
  • Past continuous (Q)
    Were you eating?
  • Present simple (N)
    You don't eat
  • Past simple (Q)
    Did you eat?
  • Future simple (N)
    You won't eat
  • Present continuous
    You are eating?

Level 3 verbs – Unit 08

acknowledge: to admit to be true
The man acknowledged that the boy was his son.
The government will never acknowledge that the war on drugs isn’t working.

ban: to prohibit, make illegal
The Port of Vancouver has banned any ship with nuclear weapons.
Smoking is banned in all public buildings in the province.

coincide: to happen at the same time
Her parents’ visit this year coincides with the annual fireworks show.
They planned their trip to Italy to coincide with their grandmother’s 100th birthday.

dazzle:  to amaze, astonish
He was dazzled by her beauty and charm.
She dazzled all her friends by showing them her diamond engagement ring.

deserve:  to justify an outcome
He deserves to win the competition because he’s worked very hard to improve his skills.
The boys deserve to be punished for treating their sister so badly.

evade: to avoid doing, to escape from
For many years, he evaded paying income tax.
The men evaded capture by hiding in the attic.

harass:  to continually disturb
The company harassed him for the money until he finally paid.
Every day gang members would enter his store and harass him.

jeopardize:  to risk, put in danger
You don’t want to lie to him and jeopardize your friendship.
If I steal these things from my workplace, it could jeopardize my job.

negotiate: to reach an agreement
The company negotiated an agreement with the union over salaries.
The President said he would never negotiate with terrorists.

opt:  to make a choice
He opted not to get the operation and to take the medication instead.
The students opted for an open-book test and not a multiple choice test.

promote:  encourage, help achieve
The teacher showed her students a video on hand washing to promote cleanliness.
To promote health among the soldiers, they were supplied with fresh fruit every day.

rehabilitate:  to make healthy or normal again
He needed to rehabilitate his shoulder after the skiing accident.
Prisons were designed to rehabilitate criminals but often don’t do the job.

settle:  to start living and supporting oneself
After traveling across the country, the family finally settled in northern California.
The first people to settle the Yukon were in search of gold.

straighten:  to make straight
She used an iron to straighten her curly hair.
He straightened his tie before he walked into the meeting room.

utter:  to speak, to say
She was too far away to hear the words that he was uttering.
The first word that the baby uttered was “mama.”

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Level 3 verbs – Unit 07

access:  to be able to reach or connect to

I’m having trouble accessing my bank account.
Students can easily access their marks online.

bargain:  to make an agreement so both sides are satisfied
The union bargained a new three-year contract.
They bargained for half an hour before agreeing on a price for the car.

clarify:  to make clear and understandable
The candidate was asked to clarify his position on immigration.
The company posted regulations to clarify how men should treat women in the workplace.

correspond: to communicate regularly
They corresponded for years with emails before meeting face to face.
She corresponds regularly with other scientists around the world.

devote:  to give lots of time and attention (to something or someone)
He devoted his time every summer to taking care of his aging parents.
She has devoted her life to her children.

fidget:  to move around nervously or impatiently
She fidgets with her hair when she’s lying.
He fidgeted with his keys as he waited for his interview.

impress:  to cause admiration or approval
He impressed her with his ability to play the piano.
Her family was impressed with her fiance’s future plans.

linger:  to stay longer than usual
They lingered after the party so they could help clean up.
The students all lingered after the basketball game was over.

observe:  to watch for a while
The park is a good place to observe birds.
The student-teachers wanted to observe a class in action.

propose:  to suggest (something) to be considered
The committee proposed that future meetings should be recorded.
She proposed that the family go on vacation together.

refrain:  to not do (something)
Please refrain from smoking in the car when children are present.
He couldn’t refrain from laughing when he saw the look on her face.

shriek:  to make a loud, high sound
Many were shrieking in pain after the bus crash.
She shrieked when she saw the snake on the floor.

squander:  to use wastefully and have no more
It only took him two weeks to squander the money his parents gave him.
He squandered his time watching cartoons on TV.

undergo:  to go through an unpleasant experience
For a year he had to undergo radiation treatment for his bone cancer.
The baby underwent three surgeries in the first year of his life.

withdraw:  to move back or take back
Every Friday she withdraws $200 dollars from her bank account.
The police were ordered to withdraw from the building.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the vocabulary above on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • access
    to be able to reach or connect to
  • bargain
    to make an agreement
  • clarify
    to make clear and understand- able
  • correspond
    to communicate regularly
  • devote
    to give lots of time and attention
  • fidget
    to move around nervously
  • impress
    to cause admiration or approval
  • linger
    to stay longer than usual
  • observe
    to watch for a while
  • propose
    to suggest for consideration
  • refrain
    to not do (something)
  • shriek
    to make a loud high sound
  • squander
    to use wastefully and have no more
  • undergo
    to go through a bad experience
  • withdraw
    to move back or take back
 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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Level 3 verbs – Unit 05

attempt:  to try, make an effort
The man will attempt to walk on a wire between the two buildings.
Every year climbers attempt to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

balance:  to make two sides equal
She needs to balance her checkbook.
He never seems to be able to balance his work life and his home life.

confide:  to tell a secret, discuss private matters
The only person he confides in is his wife.
She was too embarrassed to confide in her parents.

defy:  to not follow orders
After a strong warning, the gang defied the police and called a meeting.
Teenagers often defy their parents and do what they want.

dwindle:  to become smaller and smaller.
As the number of jobs dwindled, more and more people were out of work.
The fish off the east coast have dwindled to a very low number.

function:  to work, operate, do the job
The computer won’t function properly.  We need to call tech support.
I can’t function in the morning without two cups of coffee first.

invade:  to enter forcefully
He felt that the government had invaded his privacy.
Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808.

migrate:  to move in groups to another place far away
In the late fall the birds migrate south to warmer places.
The very first people in north America migrated from Asia.

perish:  to die, be completely destroyed
All his paintings perished in the fire.
Millions of people perished from the Spanish flu of 1918.

recline:  to lie down
He reclined on the couch after dinner and turned on the TV.
They reclined on the grass and looked up at the stars.

shiver:  to shake from the cold, fear or excitement
The children were shivering from the lack of heat in the classroom.
He shivered at the thought that he could have been killed in the accident.

specify:  to say or state clearly
The recipe doesn’t specify what kind of oil to use.
The directions specify that the product not be used indoors.

tend:  to do naturally
She tends to be lazy when she’s alone.
Unlike dogs, cats tend to be independent.

vomit:  to throw up, empty your stomach through your mouth
After drinking more than six beers, he usually vomits.
When the police officer discovered the headless body, she wanted to vomit.

wrinkle:  to make lines or folds in (clothing, skin) so it’s no longer smooth
He wrinkled his clothes by sleeping in them all night.
This new shirt doesn’t wrinkle as much as cotton does.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the vocabulary above on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • attempt
    to try, make an effort
  • balance
    to make two sides equal
  • confide
    to tell a secret, discuss private matters
  • defy
    to not follow orders
  • dwindle
    to become smaller and smaller
  • function
    to work, operate, do the job
  • invade
    to enter forcefully
  • migrate
    to move in groups to another place
  • perish
    to die, be completely destroyed
  • recline
    to lie down
  • shiver
    to shake from the cold or fear
  • specify
    to say or state clearly
  • tend
    to do naturally
  • vomit
    to throw up, empty your stomach
  • wrinkle
    to make lines or folds in

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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Level 3 verbs – Unit 04

applaud:  to clap hands in appreciation
The audience applauded wildly at the end of the concert.
I applaud her courage in leaving her husband.

benefit:  to be good for
A national health program benefits everyone.
A house with more bedrooms would benefit us a lot.

concern:  to be of interest to, be worried
A shortage of water concerns all the farmers in the area.
I’m concerned about my father’s health.

deprive:  to stop from having
As a good mother she deprives her children of candy.
Because he studied all night, he was deprived of sleep.

ensure:  to make sure, guarantee
This new investment will ensure the success of the company.
Please ensure that the door is locked after you leave.

glance:  to look at very quickly
She glanced at the clock and saw it was midnight.
The child glanced over his shoulder to see if anyone was following him.

infuriate:  to make very angry
It infuriates me when my wife takes a long time to get ready to go.
When the president cancelled elections, it infuriated the citizens.

magnify: to make larger
He just needs reading glasses to magnify the words so he can see them.
You don’t want to magnify the problem, so just be quiet.

oppose: to try to stop by doing things against
There are many people who oppose war.
The church opposes the new “right to die” law.

recommend: to say someone should do (something)
My friends recommend that we go eat at the new Mexican restaurant downtown.
What treatment does the doctor recommend for this patient?

regret: to be sorry about
I hurt your feelings, and I regret that very much.
After he bought the motorcycle, he regretted his purchase.

seal: to close up tight to keep the air out
When he was finished, he sealed the letter in the envelope.
You need to seal that container better if you want the food to last.

sponsor:  to be responsible for, support with money
This show is sponsored by the Ford Motor Company.
Senator Cohen helped sponsor a bill to legalize marijuana.

terrify: to greatly scare
The boy terrified his sister with a snake he found in the garden.
When he thinks about losing his family, it terrifies him.

verify: to prove something is true
She verified that the painting was a real Van Gogh.
The bank verified his signature and gave him the money.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • applaud
    to clap hands in appreciation
  • benefit
    to be good for
  • concern
    to be of interest to, be worried
  • deprive
    to stop from having
  • ensure
    to make sure, guarantee
  • glance
    to look at very quickly
  • infuriate
    to make very angry
  • magnify
    to make larger
  • oppose
    to try to stop by doing things against
  • recommend
    to say someone should do (something)
  • regret
    to be sorry about
  • seal
    to close up tight to keep the air out
  • sponsor
    to be responsible for, support with money
  • terrify
    to greatly scare
  • verify
    to prove something is true

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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Level 3 verbs – Unit 03

abolish:  to make illegal, stop forever, eliminate
Canadians should either abolish the Senate or make it more democratic.
Many countries have abolished the death penalty.

beckon:  to gently make someone come
He beckoned her to come to the back of the bus and sit with him.
Canada’s north with its high salaries beckons single young men and women.

collide:  to hit, run into
The truck lost its brakes and collided into a tree.
They say the meteor will collide with the earth in four days.

consist:  to be composed of
These cookies consist of flour, sugar, eggs and butter.
The test consisted of all multiple choice questions.

diminish:  to reduce, lessen, make smaller
Drinking three beers diminished his ability to drive.
His apology did nothing to diminish her anger.

estimate: to make an educated guess
It’s hard to estimate the cost of building a second bathroom.
His wealth is estimated at over $3 billion.

intend:  to plan on doing
We intend to have a picnic this weekend.
I intend to graduate next year and apply to Harvard University.

mount:  to become more and more
After a week of rain, the number of deaths started to mount.
As his debts mounted, the phone calls from his creditors increased.

penetrate: to go into or through, enter
The noise from the party penetrated the walls and bothered our quiet evening.
The arrow penetrated his chest but missed his heart.

pursue: to chase after, follow
She plans on pursuing a career in acting.
The hunter pursued the deer for kilometers before he got a good shot.

reject: to refuse to accept
The bank rejected his business plan and he didn’t get the loan.
Many countries reject the death penalty even for murder.

reveal: to show or tell after being hidden
Magicians never reveal their tricks to the public.
The bank promises not to reveal any of your personal information.

scatter:  to break up or throw in different directions
When the police arrived, the crowd scattered.
He scattered grass seeds all over his yard.

strangle: to kill by squeezing the neck, choke
The killer strangled the man with his bare hands.
I almost got strangled when a rope fell into the water when I was swimming.

ventilate: to move fresh air through
We need to ventilate this room; it smells like a gym.
A cool breeze ventilated the house.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the vocabulary above on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • abolish
    to make illegal, eliminate
  • beckon
    to gently make someone come
  • collide
    to hit, run into
  • consist
    to be composed of
  • diminish
    to reduce, lessen, make smaller
  • estimate
    to make an educated guess
  • intend
    to plan on doing
  • mount
    to become more and more
  • penetrate
    to go into or through, enter
  • pursue
    to chase after, follow
  • reject
    to refuse to accept
  • reveal
    to show or tell after being hidden
  • scatter
    to break up, throw in different directions
  • strangle
    to kill by squeezing the neck
  • ventilate
    to move fresh air through

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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Level 1 verbs – Unit 10

boil:  to heat until air bubbles form
Would you please boil some water for tea?
Don’t boil the soup, but just heat it up.

catch:  to take into your possession
He taught his young son to catch a ball.
You need a net to catch butterflies.

collect:  to gather together in a group
Collect your things and let’s go.
My sister collects old dolls.

float:  to stay on top of the water
They saw a dead tree float by their camp site.
The boy’s coat floated down the river.

fry:  to cook in oil or butter on top of the stove
I’m going to fry the fish, not bake it.
After you cut the potatoes, you fry them in oil.

hurry:  to go fast
If you don’t want to be late, you need to hurry.
They hurried past the candy store so they wouldn’t go in and buy anything.

murder:  to kill (someone)
I saw on the news that a man murdered his wife and then killed himself.
He murdered his brother with a kitchen knife.

rise:  to go upward, to get up
The sun rises in the east.
It’s six thirty and time for everyone to rise.

sip:  drink slowly in little bits
The coffee is too hot, and I have to sip it.
She always sips her drinks to make them last longer.

slap:  to hit with an open hand
She slapped him in the face because she was so angry.
When he won, he slapped his hands together.

steer:  to control the direction of a moving thing
He steered the boat toward the island.
She steered the car to the side of the road and stopped.

trade:  to give something in exchange for another thing
I’ll trade you my sandwich for yours.
The two families traded houses for the holidays.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the above vocabulary on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • boil
    to heat until air bubbles form
  • catch
    to take into your possession
  • collect
    to gather together in a group
  • float
    to stay on top of the water
  • fry
    to cook in oil on top of the stove
  • hurry
    to go fast
  • murder
    to kill (someone)
  • rise
    to go upward, to get up
  • sip
    to drink slowly in little bits
  • slap
    to hit with an open hand
  • steer
    to control the direction of a moving thing
  • trade
    to give a thing in exchange for another

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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© 2013 Ambien Malecot

Level 1 verbs – Unit 09

attend:  to be part of a gathering (a class, a concert, a meeting)
She doesn’t attend this class any more.
I have to attend a meeting, so I can’t stay very long.

chase:  to run and try to catch
The police chased the man for three blocks before they caught him.
He chased after the bus, but it left before he got there.

climb:  to go up (a tree, a mountain, stairs)
Because the elevator was broken, they had to climb the stairs to their apartment.
The boy climbed every tree in the neighborhood.

connect:  to put things together, join
We have to connect this chord to the back of the TV.
They’re building a bridge to connect the island with the mainland.

drip:  to fall in drops, to leak
The kitchen tap drips continuously.
After the shower the rain dripped off the trees.

load:  to put on or into (something)
It takes them about 24 hours to load the ship with grain.
The students loaded their backpacks with food.

place:  to put (somewhere)
She placed the flowers in the center of the table.
You can feel the baby if you place your hand on her stomach.

punish:  to give a penalty for doing something wrong
Your son must be punished for lying to you.
She punished her daughter by taking away her cell phone for a week.

rub:  to touch a surface with a strong continuous motion
I don’t like these shoes because they rub my heels.
She rubbed her hands together to make them warm.

share:  to use equally
The sisters share a bedroom.
No, I won’t share my dessert with you.

spend:  to give money to buy (something)
We have to stop spending so much money.
How much did you spend on this coat?

stick:  to make stay in one position
She stuck the photo on the wall with tape.
We will stick these paper stars to the ceiling with glue.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the above vocabulary on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • attend
    to be part of an a gathering
  • chase
    to run and try to catch
  • climb
    to go up (something)
  • connect
    to put things together, join
  • drip
    to fall in drops, to leak
  • load
    to put on or into (something)
  • place
    to put (somewhere)
  • punish
    to give a penalty for doing something wrong
  • rub
    to touch with a strong continuous motion
  • share
    to use equally
  • spend
    to give money to buy (something)
  • stick
    to make stay in one position

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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© 2013 Ambien Malecot

Level 1 verbs – Unit 08

beat: to defeat, to win
She beat her sister three games to two in the tennis match.
I won’t let this problem beat me.

believe: to think something is true
We believe you are telling us the truth.
Why don’t you believe me when I say I didn’t know?

decide: to make a choice from all the possibilities
They decided not to go to the dance together.
I can’t decide which dress to wear.

empty: to remove the contents (of something)
It’s your turn to empty the garbage.
We need to empty the bookcase before we move it to the other wall.

greet: to welcome by saying something
It’s your job to greet the new members to the club.
They were greeted at the door by a salesperson.

owe: to be required to pay (someone) back
Here’s the twenty dollars I owe you.
She owes the government for unpaid taxes.

punch: to hit with your closed hand
Stop punching your sister right now!
He got so angry, he punched a hold in the wall.

sink: to go down, to go under water
The small boat sank in the storm.
They got home just as the sun sank in the west.

sneeze: to force air from your lungs to clean out your nose
Her perfume was so strong that he sneezed.
If you sneeze into your sleeve, you won’t spread any germs.

stare: to look at (something/someone) for a long time

It’s a bad idea to stare at the sun.
He couldn’t stop staring at her beautiful face.

trip: to fall after catching your foot on something
He tripped on the stairs and fell.
Someone could trip on that toy if you don’t put it away.

waste: to not use in the best way
Don’t waste my time with your crazy ideas.
He wastes too much money on lottery tickets.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the above vocabulary on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

  • beat
    to defeat, to win
  • believe
    to think something is true
  • decide
    to make a choice from possibilities
  • empty
    to remove the contents
  • greet
    to welcome by saying something
  • owe
    to be required to pay someone back
  • punch
    to hit with your closed hand
  • sink
    to go down, to go under water
  • sneeze
    to force air out to clean your nose
  • stare
    to look at for a long time
  • trip
    to fall after catching your foot on something
  • waste
    to not use in the best way

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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© 2013 Ambien Malecot

Level 1 verbs – Unit 07

attach: to connect
She attached a picture of herself to the email she sent to her parents.
So her son wouldn’t lose his gloves, she attached them to his sleeves.

bite: to cut with teeth
The dog bit the boy on the leg.
It’s not a good idea to bite your fingernails.

check: to look at carefully
When I get gas for my car, I also check the oil.
Check your email address to make sure it’s correct.

control: to make someone / something do what you want
He has trouble controlling his anger.
The teacher has to control thirty students.

fear: to be afraid of
She is a leader who fears nothing.
He ran away because he fears snakes.

hunt: to look for so you can get or kill
I’ve been hunting for a nice painting to put over the fireplace.
He and his son like to hunt for rabbits.

mean: to intend, to plan, to say
She didn’t understand what he meant.
We didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.

relax: to rest and not be active
He likes to relax in front of the TV on Friday nights.
After setting up the campsite, everyone relaxed around the fire.

shout: to yell, to be loud with your voice
It’s not necessary to shout; I can hear you.
She shouted at him across the parking lot, but he couldn’t hear her.

stir: to move (a liquid) around in a circular motion
Would you please stir the soup while it’s heating.
He slowly stirred his coffee with a spoon.

tickle: to touch with the fingers to make someone laugh
He tickled the bottom of her feet.
The children like to tickle each other.

trust: to believe that someone will do the right thing
They trust their children to take care of the family dog.
I don’t trust you because you have lied to me before.

Pronunciation Exercise: Listen and repeat the above vocabulary on the audio file below.

Use these flashcards to help you study.

 

  • attach
    to connect
  • bite
    to cut with teeth
  • check
    to look at carefully
  • control
    to make someone do what you want
  • fear
    to be afraid of
  • hunt
    to look for so you can get or kill
  • mean
    to intend, plan or say
  • relax
    to rest and not be active
  • shout
    to yell, to be loud with your voice
  • stir
    to move (a liquid) around in a circle
  • tickle
    to touch with fingers to cause laughing
  • trust
    to believe that someone will do right

 

When you think you’re ready, do the following exercise.

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© 2013 Ambien Malecot